District of the province of Urubamba, in the department of Cusco, located in the high jungle area of the south, at 2,300 m.a.s.l. and 112 km from the city of Cusco. Its resident population is 3,600 inhabitants and daily about 2,500 tourists as a floating population.
Machu Picchu Pueblo is a must to visit the Inca city of Machu Picchu which is located 1.6 kilometers high on a mountain and can be reached from here in a 1 hour 30 minute hike or by mini bus.
Also known as Machupicchu or Aguas Calientes.
In Machu Picchu Pueblo is the urban area where the hotels, restaurants, the train station, the commercial area are located. There are bank branches, ATMs, pharmacies, telephone and Internet services, souvenir shops, handicrafts market, basic medical services, police station and the IPerú tourist assistance office.
It is a town that grew up on a difficult geography, without urban planning, no airport, no roads, no cars, no taxi services, everything is within walking distance. The only means of communication with other cities is by train. Train Reservations in Machu Picchu.
Close to its main square is the ticket office to visit the archaeological site and the mini bus station and its ticket office to transport tourists to the top of the mountain where the Inca city of Machu Picchu is located.
Manuel Chávez Ballón Site Museum
Located in front of the Ruins Bridge, at the foot of the citadel of Machu Picchu, 1.7 km from Machu Picchu Pueblo. Visits from 10 am. to 4 pm. daily, except Sundays.
The Historic Sanctuary of Machu Picchu fulfills the objectives of preservation and dissemination of cultural and archaeological research. Within a modern and dynamic exhibition, the reopening of the Manuel Chávez Ballón Site Museum has become the main means of communication and information for the most important culture in the Historic Sanctuary.
The museum is organized in seven phases. In these seven phases, they highlight the beauty and historical significance of the large collection of artifacts, construction tools (copper and bronze), pins, mirrors, tweezers and needles. The ibis ornithomorphic headline, toucans and oropendolas also appears. The exhibition shows in detail the metallurgical experience in the Inca city, the spectacular examples of the skill in quarry exploitation, as well as the significant objects in other materials. These samples express to the world, a proof of the sustenance of Inca life in Machu Picchu, and the administrative strategy focused on the link between the Amazon and the Andes.
Samples of multimedia information, photos and details were organized to offer the visitor a complete picture of the meaning of Machu Picchu, and the Natural and Cultural Heritage of Humanity, in addition to a botanical garden and the flora of Machu Picchu such as orchids.
The museum presents a collection of 250 original objects including stones, metals, ceramics, bones and others; a result of archaeological research of recent decades in the Inca city of Machu Picchu and the Inca Trail. These findings have been the product of the “cava” archaeology, carried out by researchers from Cuzco, and other professionals from the National Institute of Culture of Cusco.
Within the collection, one of the main points is the lithic artifacts used in the construction of the Inca city. There are nails and rings embedded in astrales and used for the fastening of the straw roof beams, and in the roofs of the enclosures that were formed by one or more inclined planes or tracks (depending on the type and structure of the buildings, were the following: one, two, four or water). There are also tools such as “firing pins” from different types of granite rock, andesite, basalt, boulders and hematite among others that were used in construction works. The stones were carved in such a way that they “match” each other, in some cases, the construction involves a flat spiral, i.e. a plane that fits with concave and convex alveoli carved into the rock formations, and provides stability to the construction . The other stone blocks are an example of the integration with the environment and the optimization of materials.
Hot Springs, Aguas Calientes
The hot springs of Aguas Calientes are at a distance of 800 m. from the Plaza Machu Picchu Pueblo, its waters emanate from below the earth and spring from the rocks at different temperatures. The swimming pools specially built in this tourist center are used as thermal medicinal water baths.
The hot springs offer natural resources for medical therapies and also serve as a treatment for rheumatism. They help release stress and toxins, improve metabolism and prevent high blood pressure. The average water temperature is between 38° and 46°C.
The baths are located within the valley of the Aguas Calientes river which is a juvenile valley, the river has a width of approximately 5 m., there is the presence of intrusive rock and recent deposits that contain high sandy matrix, by the speed of the currents causes erosion on the banks causing landslides and the presence of upstream of a lagoon called the Leonera, which stores water and rocky elements that when an outflow occurs causes landslides.
The average temperature of these waters is between 38º C. and 46ºC. According to their chemical composition and temperature, these waters are recommended for arthritic, skin and stress diseases. The pools or pools conditioned in this place have the basic infrastructure for its use as thermal baths, has foyers, toilets and a small snack bar.
Open from 6 am. to 8 pm.
Location: Pachacútec Ave. (800 m. from Machu Picchu Pueblo Square)
Hotels and Lodging in Machu Picchu Pueblo
Machu Picchu Pueblo has a good hotel offer, from luxury hotels to economic lodgings, located within the urban area and some on the outskirts of town. At the top of the mountain, in front of the archaeological site, there is only one luxury hotel. There are also camping areas near Puente Ruinas.
View: Hotels in Machu Picchu
Visits to the Inca city of Machu Picchu
Machu Picchu can be visited at any time of the year, and has a limit of 1,500 visitors per day.
The traditional way to get to Machu Picchu is by train from Cusco or the Sacred Valley of the Incas (See: Trains to Machu Picchu).
The archaeological zone of the Inca citadel of Machu Picchu is located within the Historic Sanctuary of Machu Picchu, declared a World Natural and Cultural Heritage Site, and is located 6 km from Machu Picchu Pueblo, an urban and commercial area where tourists can access from Cusco or the Sacred Valley of the Incas to begin their visit.
All visitors must purchase a ticket to the archaeological zone in Machu Picchu Pueblo. Climbing the mountain can be done on foot or by mini-buses, whose tickets must also be purchased in the village.
Alternatively you can reach the archaeological site of Machu Picchu through a walk on the Inca Trail.
Inside the archaeological zone there are no toilets, no food or drink sales. These services are located in the area adjacent to the checkpoint, at the top of the mountain.
In order to prevent setbacks and long queues at ticket offices, it is recommended to take an organized tour that includes guiding, tickets and transportation.
Transport by mini bus
The daily service starts the ascent from the village to the citadel at 5:30 am until 3 pm, every 15 minutes, the journey takes approximately 25 minutes. The return of the mini buses starts at 6:30 am and the last service leaves at 5:45 pm.
All persons must show an entry ticket at the checkpoint (upper part of the mountain), which is only sold in the village. People who want to extend their visit to the mountain of Huayna Picchu must buy the extension of visit (it is limited to 400 people per day).